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Jun 28 • 2012 • AromaticFlowerRose NewsScentSmell.Noseperfume

Rose News From Around The World

UK

A NOSE FOR A ROSE Part 2

With the flower in its high season, an expert explains the proper way to take in their scent

ASK MICHAEL MARRIOTT about a rose he saw 10 years ago and he'll tell you the genus, variety and exactly what it smelled like. Considered one of the world's most knowledgeable rose noses, Mr. Marriott is senior rosarian for the prestigious English breeder David Austin Roses (2,500 of its blooms covered Queen Elizabeth's barge at the Diamond Jubilee recently). Mr. Marriott also designs beautiful private and public gardens in Russia, Bhutan, Japan, Europe and the U.S. From his home near Shropshire, England, he explained the proper way to smell a rose.

How to sniff: "Stick it up to your nose, roll it round a bit. Think about what is there, even if you can't identify it. Don't gob it down quickly like you are nervously tasting the wine at a restaurant. If the first one you try on a certain shrub doesn't smell, try another. Younger roses are generally more aromatic. The whole point of smell is to attract insects and in the older ones the pollen may have already been taken."

Optimum time to do it: "When the humidity is high, morning is usually best. The other important thing is the temperature two to three days before the flowers open. The perfume is formed then. If the weather is cold, you won't get much scent, but if it is lovely and warm you will get more fragrance."

Where does the smell come from? "In big flowers, like the old roses, it is made from three or four hundred oils in little glands on the flower petals. Three to four of them give it the overall character, but the others create the finer differences. In musk roses, with smaller flowers, it is made in the stamens, which smell clove-like. Clove is a preservative so it is thought that the scent helps preserve the stamens. Himalayan Musk is a great rose that climbs 30 feet in trees, producing tens of thousands of flowers that waft fragrance through the air."

 The Gertrude Jekyll, above, is his current favourite.

Which roses smell best? "My immediate favourite is Gertrude Jekyll, which has a strong, classic old rose fragrance, and a strong pink colour. Lady Emma Hamilton has beautiful apricoty orangy colors and smells like guavas and litchis. Creamy white Claire Austin has a wonderful myrrh fragrance and grows to a good-size shrub."

Do roses ever smell bad? "Well, I don't like Maigold. I think it smells rather like saturated fat. But then Graham Thomas, one of the greatest plantsmen ever, really liked it. A few people think the myrrh roses smell like hospital rooms but I find them delightful—an anise smell like pastis."

How to preserve a cut rose's scent: "One good thing is to mist them to keep humidity up. Use a large vase for the same reason. Don't put them too close to the air conditioner or the fireplace because that will dry them out. Change the water on a fairly regular basis, of course."

Health benefits to sniffing: "Actually they did an experiment in Japan on stressed mice—they shocked them, not very nice—and found that smelling rose oil had a very beneficial effect, even better than Diazepam."

Details of all our highly perfumed roses are available on our web site.

Over 1000 varieties to choose from.

www.countrygardenroses.co.uk

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Apr 27 • 2012 • AromaFragranceNoseRose NewsScentShropshireroses

ROSE NEWS FROM AROUND THE WORLD

UK

Gertrude Jekyll

 

DO YOU HAVE A ROSE NOSE ?

Think of the wonderful scents that your nose can bring you; the sweetness of a pie baking in the oven, the savory smell of bacon cooking and the aroma of fresh brewed coffee.

Naturally, there are some scents that are not so wonderful, such as something burning on the stove or the indication a baby’s diaper needs changing. Special training of one’s nose can lead to becoming a wine sommelier, a tea connoisseur or a 'rose nose' specialist.

Michael Marriott, the senior rosarian of David Austin Roses in Shropshire, has this very job of deciphering the fragrance of these English roses. His associate is another Austin 'rose nose' Robert Calkin, the acclaimed British perfumer and floral fragrance educator.

Together they amble about the nearly two-acre show garden, sniffing roses and debating and fine tuning their thoughts on its signature scent characteristics. Marriott says the fragrance in roses comes from two different sources. Most commonly it comes from the petals, but sometimes it also emanates from the stamens. This is especially true in varieties with single or semidouble flowers where stamens are abundant.

In the petals, the greater part of any rose scent originates from its mix of just four or five different primary oils. Professionals call these a scent’s 'base notes'. But rose scents are complex, with as many as 200 to 300 possible other oils present, often in minute quantities. This mix yields the wonderful richness found in rose fragrances.

The oils are formed from precursors, which are produced at the bud stage, three or four days before the flower opens. The warmer it is (within reason) at this stage, the more precursors are produced and the stronger the fragrance. The great variety of resulting oils will combine to produce the old rose, fruity, myrrh and tea fragrances.

The fragrance of the stamens of single and semidouble flowers is often musky in character, and also clove-like. Cloves are a preservative, so it could be that the fragrance does in fact help to prevent decline in the stamens. Some varieties, especially from the Hybrid Musk group of roses, combine the fragrance from both the petals and the stamens.

Marriott advises when smelling a rose, not to just give it a quick sniff. Smell it as you might savour a good wine by rolling it around the nose. Everybody's nose smells things differently, so don't be shy about describing the scents you sense or detect.

It is also important to smell several different flowers on any given bush, as some might not readily resonate, while others exuberantly exhibit their fragrance. Sometimes, the fragrance can be very different, according to the age of a particular flower.

A few of the most fragrant English roses are ‘Gerturde Jekyll’ that has an old rose fragrance that is strong, rich and perfectly balanced. ‘Lady Emma Hamilton’ is fruity with hints of pear, grape and citrus, ‘The Generous Gardener’ has an old rose fragrance of musk and myrrh, and ‘Princess Alexandra of Kent’ has a tea fragrance of lemon and black currant.

Myrrh appeared in David Austin’s first rose, the onceflowering ‘Constance Spry’, as a powerful, spicy top note inherited from one of the parents, ‘Belle Isis’, a strongly perfumed Gallica type.

‘Constance Spry’s' is considered a quintessential rose fragrance

Details of all our roses are available on our web site. Over 1000 varieties to choose from.

www.countrygardenroses.co.uk

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Dec 11 • 2011 • AwardCelebrateFryrafflesGold StandardHabitHealthNew Roses For 2012ScentVarieties

NEW ROSES FOR 2012

LET'S CELEBRATE

Floribunda.  2011.  3ft.

A spellbinding new floribunda with fascinating colour blooms of silvery white, shaded and blotched purple mauve in an almost surreal combination. They are medium sized and double with multi petals prettily arranged creating an attractive ruffled appearance. The scented flowers are carried in large trusses and borne plentifully on a bushy plant of neat even habit that grows easily and is densely covered with foliage. Specially named for the north west area of NAFAS (National Association of Flower Arrangement Societies) to celebrate their Golden Anniversary in 2011.

Bred by Fryers UK

GOLD STANDARD AWARD WINNER 2011 LET'S CELEBRATE   (Fryraffles) Since 2006 a few roses are selected each year for this prestigious award.   Based on cumulative information from invited independent judges, the Gold Standard is awarded to worthy varieties.  Health,  floriferousness,  scent and commercial appeal are all considered key factors in the final choice. For further information  please see  Gold Standard Roses on the Main Menu.

Details of all our roses are available on our web site. Over 1000 varieties to choose from.

www.countrygardenroses.co.uk

 

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Nov 11 • 2011 • CountryEnglishNew Roses For 2012ScentShropshireWollertonfragrantmyrrh

NEW ROSES FOR 2012

WOLLERTON  OLD HALL

David Austin English Shrub Rose. 2011.  5ft

This is the most fragrant of this year’s new varieties and, indeed, one of the most fragrant of all English Roses. It has the distinctive myrrh scent which is rarely found in roses, appearing first in ‘Constance Spry’, and later in ‘Scepter’d Isle’. The plump buds have attractive flashes of red. These open to form round, rich buttery yellow coloured blooms which eventually pale to a softer creamy colour. Even when the flowers are fully open, they retain their beautifully rounded chalice shape. It forms a particularly healthy and bushy shrub with many stems shooting from the base. It remains relatively upright and has few thorns. With its soft colouring ‘Wollerton Old Hall’ will very easily blend with a wide range of colour schemes, planted with roses or other shrubs and perennials. Its more upright habit makes it suitable for both formal and informal situations. It should be positioned where its strong scent can be easily appreciated. Wollerton Old Hall in Shropshire has one of the most beautiful private gardens in the country, not far from Country Garden Roses . The gardens are set around a 16th Century Hall and feature roses in creative plant combinations, including many English Roses.

Wollerton Old Hall is open to the public on selected days throughout the summer.

Details of all our roses are available on our web site.

Over 1000 varieties to choose from.

www.countrygardenroses.co.uk

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