Journal of a rose gardener…Focus on Hybrid Teas (10/08/16)
Focus on Hybrid Teas...What are they? Where did they come from? When does it flower?
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NORTHERN IRELAND GARDENSNorthern Ireland has a rich garden heritage with some of the most magnificent gardens in Europe. The Northern Ireland Tourist Board is encouraging people to make the most of this time of year by visiting some of these stunning outdoor spaces. From grand ornamental gardens to charming walled gardens, award-winning rose gardens, and woodland meadows with wild flowers and lakes, there is a wide range of magical green spaces to be discovered, many bursting with history and interesting local stories. Here are some of the garden attractions which can be found throughout Northern Ireland. The Peace Maze at Castlewellan Forest Park, County Down, is the largest and longest hedge maze in the world. It is planted with 6,000 yew trees. The maze is open to the public and is a must-see for adults and children alike. Over at Carnfunnock Country Park along the Causeway Coastal Route there is also a maze in the shape of Northern Ireland with seven central spaces, one for each county in Northern Ireland and one for Lough Neagh. At the Tropical Butterfly House at Seaforde Gardens, County Down, you will find the oldest maze in Ireland in the centre of the walled garden. Crom Estate in County Fermanagh is one of Ireland’s most important nature conservation areas and is home to an ancient yew tree, designated one of the 50 Greatest British Trees. This huge tree is actually two yews situated a few steps apart (one male, one female) thought to have been planted close together in the 17th century. They have grown to give the appearance of a single remarkable tree. The handkerchief tree Each year in May there is a pilgrimage to Rowallane Garden to see the magnificent spreading branches of the handkerchief tree, Davidia involucrata. It has massive wide spreading branches laden with fluttering white tissue-like flowers. The handkerchief tree was once considered the Holy Grail of exotic flora. The species was discovered in China and this particular tree was purchased in 1904 for seven shillings and sixpence (approx 75p) and planted in Rowallane by then owner Hugh Armytage Moore. Meanwhile the largest rhododendron bush in Europe, as verified by the Guinness Book of Records, can be found in the magnificent gardens inside the walls of Hillsborough Castle. Hillsborough Castle and Gardens are open to the public for tours each Saturday in May and June. Must-see gardens Mount Stewart, Newtownards, Co Down, is one of the most inspiring and unusual gardens in Northern Ireland. The gardens, planted in the 1920s, reflect great planting artistry that was the hallmark of Edith, Lady Londonderry, and the mild climate of Strangford Lough allows many rare plants to thrive. Visitors can enjoy formal gardens of clipped topiary, statuary and magnificent colour schemes and a picturesque lake surrounded by beautiful swathes of woodland. The formal areas exude a strong Mediterranean feel and resemble an Italian villa landscape and the wooded areas support a range of plants from all corners of the world, ensuring something to see whatever the season. Florence Court, Enniskillen, Co Fermanagh, enjoys a peaceful setting with a dramatic backdrop of mountains and forests. Visitors are invited to discover many serene and beautiful corners by exploring the pleasure grounds and the walled garden within this magnificent demesne where garden lovers will find the famous Florence Court yew, reputedly the 'parent' of all Irish yew trees. Other interesting features include a sawmill, original ice house, and charming summerhouse. Glenarm Castle Gardens, Ballymena, Co Antrim, is one of Ireland’s oldest walled gardens, dating from the 18th century. Beautiful in all seasons, the walled garden and tea room are open from May until the end of September, when the garden is still rich with displays of herbaceous plants. The Argory, Co Armagh/ Tyrone is located in a wooded park above the River Blackwater. The early Victorian house of The Argory is surrounded by sweeping lawns with two formal gardens. The first, a charming rose garden with dwarf rose bushes in box-edged beds, is planted around a sundial. The second, much larger and called the Pleasure Ground, has a terrace overlooking the river, the view framed by a pair of striking, stone-built houses with Chinese-style windows. The surrounding borders reflect the taste for exotic trees and shrubs with a special feature being made of the many famous shrubs raised at the Slieve Donard nursery in County Down. Rowallane Garden, Saintfield, Co Down, is an enchanting garden enclosed within a demesne landscape. It was laid out from the mid-1860s by the Reverend John Moore and afterwards by his nephew, the plantsman and selector Hugh Armytage Moore, who established and developed connections with seedsmen and botanic gardens throughout the world. The garden reflects the beautiful natural landscape of the surrounding area with spectacular displays of shrubs and several areas managed as wildflower meadows. Castle Ward, Strangford, Co Down, has 40 acres of parkland and contains many enchanting historical garden features such as the Temple Water, an early 18th century formal canal created to reflect the picturesque ruins of Audley Castle and Lady Anne's Temple. Other features include the sunken garden with grass banks and Irish yew trees, and the rock garden created on a natural outcrop. The parkland grounds at Castle Ward are ideal for those interested in garden history and visitors can enjoy walking trails, an exotic garden, stunning vistas and a picturesque farmyard as well as woodland, lakeside and parkland walks with stunning viewpoints. Gardening events this summer Go on the Bangor Castle Walled Garden Tour on June 12 and get an insight into the garden and its history as well as enjoying a question and answer session. The walled garden was never open to the public when it was built in the 1840s and has recently been restored by North Down Borough Council. Shakespeare’s tragic tale of star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families has become one of the most enduring love stories with Romeo and Juliet becoming symbolic of young lovers. Make sure you don’t miss this famous love story in the surroundings of the beautiful walled gardens on July 24 and 25. Belfast’s Rose Week, a celebration of Northern Ireland’s rose heritage, is back from July 15 to 21 in the stunning grounds of Sir Thomas and Lady Dixon Park. The flower spectacular is the perfect opportunity for visitors to experience one of the world’s leading rose gardens, while enjoying flower related competitions, workshops, demonstrations, children’s entertainment, and the judging of the international trial roses by a panel of experts. The City of Belfast International Rose Garden has made the park world famous. The park contains more than 30,000 blooms in the summer, divided into trial and display beds, an historical section, and a heritage garden that displays the best roses from local breeders. The Antrim Garden Trail is now in its second season. The trail includes the most distinguished public and private open gardens in Country Antrim, offering garden lovers the chance to discover ancient plots, glorious flower beds, scented walkways, and charming garden walks. The self-guided trail lists a series of nine must-see gardens throughout Antrim including the Belfast Botanic Gardens, Benvarden Garden in Dervock, close to the north coast, and large public gardens such as Antrim Castle Gardens and Clotworthy House in Antrim. The trail offers garden enthusiasts, groups, families, and couples great variety as well as a unique insight into County Antrim. Each of these nine stunning spaces is a haven for garden lovers and some of the features waiting to be discovered include 17th century and Victorian ornamental gardens, sundials, a cobbled stable yard, two of Europe’s finest early greenhouses, and a hornbeam maze in the shape of Northern Ireland. To learn more about Northern Ireland’s gardens, events, and seasonal highlights, or for further information on places to stay or things to see and do in Northern Ireland, contact the Northern Ireland Tourist Board on CallSave 1850 230 230 or click on www.discovernorthernireland.com
Details of all our roses are available on our web site. Over 1000 varieties to choose from.
ROSE NEWS FROM AROUND THE WORLD
2012 WINNING ROSE
All-America Rose Selections (AARS, rose.org) has selected its newest winner to add to its already-impressive lineup. Living up to its name, Sunshine Daydream exemplifies the quality and beauty that is implicit in an "AARS Winner." The light yellow Grandiflora, the first garden rose to win under no spray conditions, was selected as the best of the best after participating in the rigorous two-year AARS testing cycle. This process has proven to be one of the most challenging horticultural testing programs in the world. The AARS award recognizes new varieties that are not only beautiful in appearance, but also roses that will be easy to grow and require minimal care by today's busy homeowner."The goal of AARS is to identify the best new roses of the year, and this year a single rose made it to the top of the list to receive the prestigious AARS award," said AARS board president, Henry Conklin. Sunshine Daydream is introduced by Conard-Pyle/Star® Roses, internationally recognized for countless AARS Winners, including The Knock Out® Rose, Bonica®, and Peace.
Topping the charts with fantastic bloom production and great vigor, this rose is sure to brighten any garden. A Grandiflora, Sunshine Daydream embodies both great flower color and foliage - with light yellow flowers finishing cream yellow. Its cuplike petals offer the perfect backdrop to its dark green, glossy foliage. Featuring excellent disease resistance, Sunshine Daydream will appeal to all gardeners and rose enthusiasts. Round, bushy and blooming continuously from spring to early frost, Sunshine Daydream was hybridized by Meilland International, which has a record 18 AARS Winners to its credit, including Carefree SpiritTM and Elle®.To be chosen as an AARS winner, Sunshine Daydream thrived during two years of comprehensive testing in 21 gardens nationwide. In fact, AARS-winning roses must flourish in 15 categories including the ability to resist disease, overall beauty and general ease of maintenance. Each winning rose bears the AARS red-rose seal of approval that ensures gardeners the plants will grow beyond expectations with little maintenance. For a complete fact sheet and high-resolution images of Sunshine Daydream, please visit: http://www.rose.org/2012-winners-images/
About All-America Rose Selections (www.rose.org)
AARS is a nonprofit association of rose growers and introducers dedicated to bringing exceptional, easy-to-grow roses to gardeners across the county. AARS operates the world's most rigorous plant trial program via its national test garden network which represents all climate zones. This sophisticated evaluation process results in a new crop of AARS winning roses each year, guaranteeing that only the best make it into your garden. AARS strives to identify roses that are easy to grow, and evaluates plants on more than 15 qualities, including disease resistance, vigor and fragrance. Look for the AARS red rose logo as a seal of approval identifying the best roses on the market.
For details of all our current roses, see our extensive web site.
Over 1000 varieties to choose from
ROSE OF THE WEEK
PEACE Hybrid Tea. 3ft-5ft. 1939
This beautiful and outstanding Hybrid Tea is probably the most famous rose in the world. To date it has sold well over one hundred million plants world wide and is without a doubt the most successful garden rose of all time, and has often been given the title ‘The Rose Of The Century’
The huge opulent blooms are a delicious blend of colours. The petals are a lovely lemony yellow and edged with pure cerise pink that deepens and spreads with maturity. The perfect blooms form a classic hybrid shape and the blooms can be as large as 5-6 inches (15cms) across. Flower production is extremely lavish and the blooms last a remarkably long time, either on the plant , or when cut and put in water. The growth is strong and healthy with large glossy green foliage and is a very easy to grow variety. In some areas is has good disease resistance, but in damp conditions it does tend to get a bit of black spot. However that can easily be kept under control with spraying and a bit of TLC. The perfume is not powerful but does have an interesting fruity fragrance. ‘Peace’ has also been used in many breeding programmes around the world, and it is probably true to say that most of our modern roses are descended in some way from ‘Peace’The history of ‘Peace’ and how it came about is a fascinating story which is well worth telling. In 1935 the French rose breeder Francis Meilland chose fifty seedlings from his seed beds. One of which was labelled 3-35-40. Over the next few years Francis watched its development with interest and planned to launch the new rose as ‘Madame Antoine Meilland’. However a few months later Hitler invaded France and the future of the rose nursery looked dire. To ensure that the new rose was not lost forever Francis managed to get three parcels of budwood out of the country, one of which was smuggled out in a diplomatic bag on the last plane out of France. The budwood was sent to another rose breeder, Robert Pyle in Pennsylvania USA Over the next few years Francis launched his new rose in France as ‘Madame Antoine Meilland’. He was unaware that some of the budwwod had reached Germany and Italy and the rose was being sold under different names. In Germany is was called ’Gloria Dei’ (Lain for Glory Of God) . And in Italy is was being sold as ‘Gioia’ (Joy) Francis had not had any word from America and had no idea the fate of his rose over there. It was not until the liberation of France in 1944 that Francis finally heard from Robert Pyle that the rose had survived the war and was being grown very successfully . In the meantime Francis had decided to change the name of the rose. He wrote to Field Marshal Alan Brooke to thank him for his part in the liberation of France, and to ask him if he would give his name to the rose. The Field Marshal declined stating that a far more fitting name would be ‘PEACE’
The new name ‘PEACE’ was publicly announced in America by Robert Pyle on the 29th April 1945 , the very day that Berlin fell and was officially considered the end of the Second World War in Europe. Towards the end of 1945 'Peace' roses were given to each of the delegations at the inaugural meeting of the United Nations in San Francisco each with a note which read
"We hope the 'Peace' rose will influence men's thoughts for everlasting world peace".
The rose sold in its millions around the world, and the Meilland family were due to make a fortune out of the royalties that ‘Peace’ would generate. As an extra thank you from Robert Pyle he presented them with a brand new 1946 Chevrolet Sedan.Francis Meilland died in 1958 , but the family continue to breed roses and is still one of the most successful and highly revered rose dynasty’s in the world today After ‘Peace’ became so well known around the world, Francis wrote in his diary: “How strange to think that all these millions of rose bushes sprang from one tiny seed no bigger than the head of a pin, a seed which we might so easily have overlooked, or neglected in a moment of inattention.”
Portland Gold Medal 1944.
All American Rose Selection 1946
American Rose Socity Gold Medal 1947
National Rose Society Gold Medal 1947
The Hague Golden Rose 1965
World Federation Of Rose Societies, Hall Of Fame.
World's Favourite Rose 1976
Royal Horticultural Society Award Of Garden Merit 1993
'Peace' was voted the World's Favourite Rose in 1976 by the World Federation Of Rose Societies. The Federation also entered the rose into the Society's Rose Hall Of Fame in 1976 an honour shared with just 13 other roses.
Francis Meilland (left)
For more information on all our roses, please visit our extensive web site,