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Jun 17 • 2012 • BlossomDiseaseFertiliserFragranceRose Newsbloomsroses

Rose News From Around The World

USA

THE GREAT AMERICAN ROSE TEST

It's sunny and warm, sky's fluffy with clouds, and we're walking the 10-acre field in Chester County known as "rose hell."

Really, that's what they call it, because this is where several thousand roses are set in the ground and left alone to see which ones can take the heat — and humidity, drought, wind, frost, snow, fungus, bugs, and all else. At the end of three or four years, minimum, whatever's still standing has a shot at becoming the next big star of the rose world.

They have to survive with no irrigation, no sprays for insects or disease, no protection from extreme temperatures and conditions, no fertilizer, no pruning. Nothing, because, believe it or not, these trials are meant to simulate conditions in the average American garden — and we're pretty awful to our plants.

"If it was possible to get written up for rose abuse, we would be. They have a nasty, brutish, and short life here," says Steve Hutton, president and CEO of the Conard-Pyle Co. in West Grove, where the trials are held.

The winners must do more than survive to be chosen for the marketplace. They must emerge robust and clean, with a profusion of perfectly formed, beautifully colored blooms. And one other thing helps, something traditionalists could've told you from the get-go: fragrance. Too often in the mid-20th century, it was lost, as breeders scrambled to produce the tight buds, glamorous colors, and stiff stems that now define the perfect Valentine's Day rose.

Want to know about the importance of fragrance? Watch Hutton and his longtime friend and collaborator Alain Meilland, of Meilland International rose breeders of France, as they amble down the rows here. Hutton's tall, Meilland's short, but both dip and sway as they inch along, cupping blossoms in their hands and diving right in there to inhale.

Roses can smell like anything, and this is part of the fun — peaches, lemons, cloves, lavender, musk, chocolate, aftershave, impossible-to-describe, or nothing at all.

Both men suddenly stop to admire ‘Francis Meilland,' which was bred by Meilland, commercialized by Conard-Pyle, and named for Alain's father on the centenary of his birth. Already the winner of several awards in Europe, it's a 2013 All-America Rose Selection, which — as a kind of Academy Award for roses in this country — is an honor rose breeders crave.

Francis Meilland

About AARS

All-America Rose Selections is a non-profit association dedicated to the introduction and promotion of exceptional roses. The AARS runs the world's most challenging horticultural testing program, and consistently recognizes roses that will be easy to grow and require minimal care by today's busy homeowner.

Since 1938, the AARS testing program has encouraged the rose industry to improve the disease resistance, ease of care, and beauty of roses. Today, the AARS program is one of the most successful and highly regarded of its kind, having brought to the forefront some of the most popular roses in history, such as Peace, Knock Out and Bonica. AARS Winning Roses are labelled with the AARS red rose seal of approval to distinguish them from other plants in the nursery.

Details of all our roses are available on our web site. Over 1000 varieties to choose from.

www.countrygardenroses.co.uk

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Apr 14 • 2012 • BlossomBushGenusLuiaeMultifloraRosaRoseRose Newsplants

ROSE NEWS FROM AROUND THE WORLD

CHINA

Rosa Dadu

NEW ROSE SPECIES DISCOVERED IN CHINA

A new species of multiflora rose bush reaching 30m in length, 5m in width and 5m in height was discovered on Dadu Mountain (??????), Greater Taichung, making it the largest type of multiflora rose bush in the country.

Wu Ching-shu (??????), an ecologist at Dadu Mountain, said earlier this week that he uncovered a new genus of baby rose endemic to Taiwan, during his field studies on the mountain in April last year.

"Following my field studies on the then-largest wild baby rose bush in southern Dadu Mountain, I happened to come across a different genus almost five times larger in size than the one I had observed," Wu said.

Unlike the other native species of Dadu Mountain, the Rosa luciae, the back of the leaves of the new genus, which Wu has provisionally named "Rosa Dadu," appears to be villous, Wu said.

Wu said the Rosa luciae are commonly seen in Greater Taichung, Changhua County and Miaoli County, with the flowers blooming around the beginning of April.

Research shows that there are about 30 bushes of Rosa luciae nationwide, with about 20 on Dadu Mountain, Wu said, but added that the number could be higher.

The new species has grown about 100,000 buds, which would gradually blossom into white flowers with five heart-shaped petals. Its shrubs are entwined around trees and among brushwood, with the blossoms emanating the fragrance of roses and attracting bees, Wu said.

Yang Kuoh-cheng (??????), an associate professor at Providence University’s ecology department, said the villous leaves differentiate the new species from the native genus Rosa Luciae, adding that the name "Rosa Dadu" commemorates the location of its discovery.

A NEW BREED OF ROSE

In related news, National Cheng Kung University said a new species of rose whose petals can change color in sunlight has been cultivated at a rose garden in Changhua County and could offer enormous potential business opportunities.

The new species, which is awaiting verification by the school, was bred by experts at the rose garden two years ago.

University officials said that when the bud starts to open, the edge of the petals gradually turn from light pink to neon pink.

When the flower fully opens, the color becomes much deeper as it is exposed to stronger sunlight, university officials said.

After verification is completed, the university will register the new species with the Council of Agriculture.

Details of all our roses are available on our web site. Over 1000 varieties to choose from.

www.countrygardenroses.co.uk

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