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ROSES IN ART.1.

1.Pierre-Joseph Redoute

 The most extraordinary creator of rose paintings in the late 18th and early 19th centuries was Pierre-Joseph Redoute. Born into a family of painters, Redoute was an artistic prodigy who left home at the age of thirteen to seek his fortune as a painter of portraits and religious themes. After discovering the flower paintings of Dutch painters Brueghel and Ruysch during his travels, Redoute turned to creating flower paintings himself.

When he reached Paris, Redoute was mentored by Gerard Van Spaendock. Van Spaendock was also a Dutch painter and was the official Royal Professor of Painting for the French court. In addition, Redoute was tutored by Charles L'Heritier, a French aristocrat and botanical expert. After teaching Redoute about plant anatomy, he commissioned him to illustrate a book on botany.

Redoute's reputation as a painter of flowers was reaching great heights. Soon he was appointed as the official court painter for Queen Marie Antoinette. After the revolution, Redoute enjoyed the patronage of Empress Josephine. The Empress loved both flowers and art and created extensive gardens with a fantastic variety of beautiful plants and flowers. All of this aided Redoute, who produced extraordinary flower paintings for a number of books during this time.

Redoute's acclaim for his flower paintings reached it's pinnacle with the sale of a book dedicated to the illustration of roses. Redoute used a stipple engraving technique that result in incredible detail and subtle color variations. The book was sold to French aristocracy in monthly installments of four flower painting images for three years, at which point the book was permanently bound.

Eventually Redoute moved into flower paintings emphasizing aesthetics rather than botanical accuracy and continued in this vein until his death at the age of eighty. Redoute's flower paintings can still be found today as books, posters and even decorative stickers

1. Cabbage Rose

R. centifolia 

PICTURE SOURCE Les Roses, Volume I (1817)

ORIGINAL BOTANICAL NAME Rosa centifolia

CURRENT BOTANTICAL NAME R. centifolia 

COMMON NAME Cabbage Rose

OTHER NAMES Provence Rose, Holland Rose, Hundred-Petalled Rose, Rose des Peintres

CLASS Centifolia

FLOWERING Once-flowering; summer

SCENT Strong, sweet fragrance

GROWTH Tall shrub, 6-7 feet (1.8-2.1 metres) high

AVAILABILITY Still in cultivation

 

2. Barberry-Leaved Rose

Hulthemia persica 

PICTURE SOURCE Les Roses, Volume I (1817)

ORIGINAL BOTANICAL NAME Rosa Berberifolia

ORIGINAL FRENCH NAME Rosier à feuilles d’Epine-vinette

CURRENT BOTANTICAL NAME Hulthemia persica 

COMMON NAME Barberry-Leaved Rose

OTHER NAMES R. persica, Xiao Nei Ye Qiang Wei

CLASS Wild Rose

ORIGIN Iran and Afghanistan, introduced to Europe 1788

FLOWERING Once-flowering; spring

SCENT Pleasant spicy fragrance

GROWTH Small shrub; 1-1 ½ feet tall (0.3-0.5 metres)

AVAILABILITY In cultivation and in wild

 

3. Sulfur Rose

R. hemisphaerica 

PICTURE SOURCE Les Roses, Volume I (1817)

ORIGINAL BOTANICAL NAME Rosa Sulfurea

ORIGINAL FRENCH NAME Rosier jaune de souffre

CURRENT BOTANTICAL NAME R. hemisphaerica 

COMMON NAME Sulfur Rose

OTHER NAMES Double Yellow, Double Yellow Provins, Yellow Centifolia

CLASS Wild Rose

ORIGIN Turkey, introduced to Europe prior 1625

FLOWERING Once-flowering; summer

SCENT Slight – some say unpleasant

GROWTH Tall shrub; 6 feet tall (1.8 metres)

AVAILABILITY In cultivation

 

4. Red-Leaved Rose

R. glauca 

PICTURE SOURCE Les Roses, Volume I (1817)

ORIGINAL BOTANICAL NAME Rosa Rubrifolia

ORIGINAL FRENCH NAME Rosier à feuilles de rougeâtres

CURRENT BOTANTICAL NAME R. glauca 

COMMON NAME Red-Leaved Rose

OTHER NAMES Hecht-Rose, R. romana, R.pyrenaica

CLASS Wild Species

ORIGIN Native to southern and central Europe

FLOWERING Once-flowering; summer

SCENT Slight fragrance

GROWTH Large shrub; 8-10 feet (2.4-3.0 metres)

AVAILABILITY Still in cultivation and wild

5. Musk Rose

R. moschata

PICTURE SOURCE Les Roses, Volume I (1817)

ORIGINAL BOTANICAL NAME Rosa moschata

ORIGINAL FRENCH NAME Rosier musqué

CURRENT BOTANTICAL NAME R. moschata

COMMON NAME Musk Rose

OTHER NAMES Rosier Muscat

CLASS Species (not a true wild species)

ORIGIN Ancient cultivator from Asia & Middle-East, introduced to Europe 16th century

FLOWERING Once-flowering; late summer

SCENT Musky scent

GROWTH Tall climber to 30 feet ( 9 metres)

AVAILABILITY Still in cultivation

6. The Macartney Rose

R. bracteata

PICTURE SOURCE Les Roses, Volume I (1817)

ORIGINAL BOTANICAL NAME Rosa Bracteata

ORIGINAL FRENCH NAME Rosier de Macartney

CURRENT BOTANTICAL NAME R. bracteata

COMMON NAME The Macartney Rose

OTHER NAMES Shuo Bao Giang Wei, Bracteate Rose, R. sinica

CLASS Species

ORIGIN Native to China, Lord Macartney introduced it to England 1793

FLOWERING Intermittent repeat flowering; summer-autumn

SCENT Pleasant fragrance

GROWTH Tall, sprawling evergreen shrub to 10 feet (3.0 metres)

AVAILABILITY Still in cultivation and wild

8. Cabbage Rose ‘Bullata’

R. centifolia ‘Bullata’

PICTURE SOURCE Les Roses, Volume I (1817)

ORIGINAL BOTANICAL NAME Rosa centifolia Bullata

ORIGINAL FRENCH NAME Rosier à feuilles de Laitue

CURRENT BOTANTICAL NAME R. centifolia ‘Bullata’

COMMON NAME Cabbage Rose ‘Bullata’

OTHER NAMES Bullate Cabbage Rose, Lettuce-leaved Rose

CLASS Centifolia

ORIGIN sport from R.centifolia; bred & named, early 1800s, by M. Dupont

FLOWERING Once-flowering; summer

SCENT Strong, sweet fragrance

GROWTH Tall shrub, more compact than R. centifolia

AVAILABILITY Still in cultivation

9. Single Moss Rose

R. centifolia ‘Andrewsii’

PICTURE SOURCE Les Roses, Volume I (1817)

ORIGINAL BOTANICAL NAME Rosa muscosa

ORIGINAL FRENCH NAME Rosier mousseux

CURRENT BOTANTICAL NAME R. centifolia ‘Andrewsii’

COMMON NAME Single Moss Rose

OTHER NAMES Muscosa Simplex, Old Pink Moss, Common Moss, Communis

CLASS Moss

ORIGIN Sport from R. centifolia, c. 1700

FLOWERING Once-flowering; summer

SCENT Sweet fragrance

GROWTH Medium-Tall shrub, 4-6 feet (1.2-1.8 metres)

AVAILABILITY Still in cultivation


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